Your Eyes and You

Go See an Eye Doctor if you have not had an eye exam in the past year OR if you:

1. Bump into objects.

2. Walk close to the wall.

3. Reach for objects or touch them in uncertain ways.

4. Squint or tilt one's head to see.

5. Need additional lighting.

6. Hold reading materials close to face.

7. Spill liquids or push food off plate.

8. Have difficulty recognizing people; not able to see faces clearly.

9. Have excessive eye tearing.

10. Have a swollen eye.

11. Have an eye change color.

12. Become withdrawn or hesitant to leave the house.

* Make arrangements for care immediately if you experience signs such as loss or dimness in vision, eye pain, excessive discharge from the eye, double vision, or redness/swelling of the eyelid. *

Four Common Eye Diseases

Macular Degeneration affects your central vision and is usually age related.

Glaucoma affects side vision. If untreated, vision loss or blindness may occur.

Cataracts cause a general clouding of the eye. As it progresses it becomes difficult to read.

Diabetic Retinopathy only affects people with diabetes. If you are diabetic it can cause cloudiness and blind spots throughout the eye.

Individuals with a high risk for Glaucoma and Diabetic Retinopathy include Latinos and African- Americans over the age of 40 and anyone with a family history of these conditions.

Tips on How to Have Healthy Eyes

1. Wear sunglasses and/or a brimmed hat.

2. Stop smoking.

3. Get tested for diabetes. Control your diabetes.

4. Avoid excessive use of alcohol.

5. Know your family history. You are at a higher risk if family member(s) are diabetic or have glaucoma.

6. Get a yearly dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist (medical doctor who specializes in the eye) or optometrists.

Questions to Ask Your Eye Doctor

1. What changes can I expect in my vision?

2. Will my vision loss get worse?

3. How much vision will I lose?

4. Will regular eyeglasses improve my vision?

5. What medical/surgical treatments are available for my condition?

6. What can I do to protect or prolong my vision?

7. Will diet, exercise, or other lifestyle changes help?

8. Can you refer me to a specialist in low vision?

9. Where can I get a low vision examination and evaluation?

10. Where can I get vision rehabilitation services?

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