Financial Statements & 990

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Independent Auditors' Report

The Board of Directors

VISIONS/Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired

We have audited the accompanying financial statements of VISIONS/Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired, which comprise the statement of financial position as of September 30, 2017, and the related statements of activities and changes in net assets, functional expenses, and cash flows for the year then ended, and the related notes to the financial statements.

Management’s Responsibility for the Financial Statements

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America; this includes the design, implementation, and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and fair presentation of these financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

Auditors’ Responsibility

Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement.

An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor’s judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the entity’s preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of significant accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements.

We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.

Opinion

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of VISIONS/Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired as of September 30, 2017 and the changes in its net assets and its cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Prior Period Financial Statements

The September 30, 2016 VISIONS/Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired financial statements were audited by other auditors, whose report dated December 20, 2016, expressed an unmodified audit opinion on those audited financial statements. In their opinion, the summarized comparative information presented herein as of and for the year ended September 30, 2016, is consistent, in all material respects, with the audited financial statements from which it has been derived.

January 22,

Statements of Financial Position

September 30, 2017

(With summarized comparative amounts as of September 30, 2016)

2017 2016

Assets

Cash $ 615,528 $ 995,859

Investments - unrestricted (Note 3) 6,163,418 5,828,479

Interest and dividends receivable 44,706 40,299

Government grants receivable 2,184,741 914,883

Contributions receivable, net (Note 2) 237,500 487,278

Prepaid expenses and other assets 150,216 120,359

Fixed assets, net 9,832,858 1,734,114

Beneficial interest in perpetual trusts (Notes 3 and 6) 3,634,344 3,392,384

Long-term investments - permanently restricted (Note 6) 74,839,940 75,298,826

Total assets $ 97,703,251 $ 8 8,812,481

Liabilities and Net Assets

Liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued expenses $ 635,253 $ 329,517

Advances 152,830 211,316

Total liabilities 788,083 5 40,833

Net assets

Unrestricted 17,942,093 8,898,744

Temporarily restricted (Note 5) 498,791 681,694

Permanently restricted (Note 6) 78,474,284 78,691,210

Total liabilities and net assets $ 97,703,251 $ 8 8,812,481

Statements of Activities and Changes in Net Assets

Year Ended September 30, 2017

(With summarized comparative amounts for the Year Ended September 30, 2016)

Temporarily Permanently

Unrestricted Restricted Restricted 2017 2016

Revenues, gains and other support

Contributions and bequests $ 270,855 $ 757,474 $ - $ 1,028,329 $ 1,563,770

Community events $ 119,311

Less direct expenses of community events (27,012) 92,299 - - 92,299 92,729

Government support 162,929 4 ,674,573 - 4,837,502 3,156,065

Special events 1 07,029

Less direct expenses of special events (48,646) 58,383 - - 58,383 56,831

VCB contributions 13,684 - - 13,684 14,984

Interest and dividends 130,847 1 ,593,544 - 1,724,391 1,753,693

Net realized and unrealized gain on investments,

net of investment fees of $480,663 549,716 1 ,623,925 7,041,114 9,214,755 5,079,319

Gain on beneficial interest in perpetual trusts - - 241,960 241,960 120,596

Donated services - - - - 42,540

Other revenues 21,207 7,465 - 28,672 47,000

Net assets released from restrictions (Note 5) 16,339,884 (8,839,884) ( 7,500,000) - -

Total revenues, gains and other support 17,639,804 (182,903) (216,926) 17,239,975 11,927,527

Expenses

Program services

VCB 1,539,842 - - 1,539,842 1,165,611

Community services 4,643,240 - - 4,643,240 4,452,707

Selis Manor 1,472,457 - - 1,472,457 1,412,259

Total program services 7,655,539 - - 7,655,539 7,030,577

Supporting services

Management and general 725,095 - - 725,095 682,835

Fund raising 215,821 - - 215,821 261,108

Total supporting services 940,916 - - 940,916 943,943

Total expenses 8,596,455 - - 8,596,455 7,974,520

Change in net assets 9,043,349 (182,903) (216,926) 8,643,520 3,953,007

Net assets - beginning of year 8,898,744 681,694 78,691,210 88,271,648 84,318,641

Net assets - end of year $ 17,942,093 $ 498,791 $ 78,474,284 $ 96,915,168 $ 88,271,648

Statements of Functional Expenses

Year Ended September 30, 2017
(With summarized comparative amounts for the Year Ended September 30, 2016)
Community Selis Management Fund Direct Expenses
VCB Services Manor Total and General Raising of Events Total 2017 2016
Salaries $ 527,660 $ 2,733,855 $ 7 65,999 $ 4,027,514 $ 4 41,203 $ 136,413 $ - $ 577,616 $ 4,605,130 $ 4,336,894
Payroll taxes and employee benefits 190,731 1,220,083 304,501 1,715,315 197,893 61,615 - 259,508 1,974,823 1,836,745
Total salaries, taxes and employee benefits 718,391 3,953,938 1,070,500 5,742,829 639,096 198,028 - 837,124 6,579,953 6,173,639
Occupancy 3,560 22,417 5 ,829 31,806 6,142 1,174 - 7,316 39,121 36,762
Insurance 43,129 69,593 15,036 127,758 10,574 2,021 - 12,595 140,353 129,369
Utilities 95,282 16,586 2 ,363 114,231 2,490 4 76 - 2,965 117,197 114,792
Telephone 11,783 21,573 12,357 45,713 2,760 5 27 - 3,287 49,000 48,790
Postage 613 14,018 1 ,029 15,660 1,032 2 90 - 1,323 16,982 16,153
Printing 1,053 13,284 4 ,614 18,952 8 86 4,938 - 5,824 24,775 25,419
Subscriptions, dues and conferences 4,322 18,512 5 ,781 28,614 2,423 2,154 - 4,577 33,192 29,233
Transportation 39,206 34,841 3 ,807 77,854 6 24 1,478 - 2,103 79,957 76,564
Food 140,974 17,123 163,534 321,631 - - - - 321,631 292,032
Laundry 7,888 500 - 8,388 - - - - 8,388 7,247
Professional fees 19,290 234,528 59,795 313,612 39,989 1 89 - 40,177 353,790 418,429
Investment management fees - - - - 480,663 - - 480,663 480,663 469,627
Awards 2 ,246 - - 2,246 - 7 50 - 750 2,996 660
Special events admissions and donor costs - - - - - - 75,331 75,331 75,331 72,813
Office supplies 2 ,467 7,520 4,727 14,714 1,952 5 23 - 2,475 17,189 15,281
Program supplies and expenses 2,029 145,033 6 ,854 153,916 76 14 - 90 154,006 159,556
Repairs and maintenance 142,567 26,058 48,522 217,146 4,803 9 18 - 5,721 222,868 207,552
Staff recruitment and development 1,898 7,937 2,411 12,246 1,622 3 10 - 1,933 14,179 14,832
Miscellaneous 5,663 14,723 37,450 57,836 3,760 7 19 327 4,806 62,642 59,099
Depreciation 297,481 25,057 27,848 350,386 6,866 1,312 - 8,177 358,563 149,653
Total expenses 1,539,842 4,643,240 1 ,472,457 7,655,539 1,205,759 2 15,821 75,658 1,497,237 9,152,776 8,517,502
Less expenses deducted directly from revenues on the
statement of activities and changes in net assets - - - - (480,663) - (75,658) (556,321) (556,321) (542,982)
Total expenses reported by function on the
statement of activities and changes in net assets $1 ,539,842 $4 ,643,240 $ 1 ,472,457 $ 7,655,539 $ 7 25,095 $ 215,821 $ - $ 940,916 $ 8,596,455 $ 7 ,974,520

Statements of Cash Flows
Year Ended September 30, 2017
(With summarized comparative amounts for the Year Ended September 30, 2016)
2017 2016
Cash flows from operating activities
Change in net assets $ 8,643,520 $ 3,953,007
Adjustments to reconcile change in net assets to net cash
used in operating activities:
Depreciation 358,563 149,653
Gain on beneficial interest in perpetual trusts (241,960) (120,596)
Unrealized and realized gain on investments (9,695,418) (5,548,946)
Increase (decrease) in cash attributable to changes in
operating assets and liabilities:
Interest and dividends receivable (4,407) 8,693
Government grants receivable (1,269,858) (109,711)
Contributions receivable 249,778 (407,278)
Prepaid expenses and other assets (29,857) (11,383)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 305,736 55,626
Advances (58,486) 7,800
Net cash used in operating activities (1,742,389) (2,023,135)
Cash flows from investing activity
Proceeds on sale of investments 43,371,543 23,642,903
Purchase of investments (33,552,178) (20,534,225)
Purchase of fixed assets (8,457,307) (441,051)
Net cash provided by investing activities 1,362,058 2,667,627
Net change in cash (380,331) 6 44,492
Cash - Beginning of year 995,859 351,367
Cash - End of year $ 615,528 $ 995,859

Notes to Financial Statements
Years Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016
1. Description of Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Organization and Nature of Operations
VISIONS/Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired (“VISIONS”) is a nonprofit rehabilitation and social
service organization whose purpose is to develop and implement programs to:
 Assist people of all ages who are blind or visually impaired to lead independent and active lives in
their homes and communities; and
 Educate the public to understand the capabilities and needs of people who are blind or visually
impaired so that they may be integrated into all aspects of community life.
VISIONS fulfills its purpose by providing:
 Individualized rehabilitation training at home or in the community and in group settings
 Social services
 Employment training and job development
 Group and community education and activities
VISIONS programs focus on individuals with low income who are located primarily in the Greater New
York Metropolitan area who are blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities,
elderly, limited-English speakers and culturally diverse consumers.
In connection with the services it provides, VISIONS operates a training facility renamed VISIONS Center
on Blindness (“VCB”). This facility was formerly known as Vacation Camp for the Blind. VCB is located
in Spring Valley, New York. A new building and program called the Vocational Rehabilitation Center
opened at VCB in August 2017. In addition, VISIONS is the service provider for the residents and guests of
the building at Selis Manor located in New York City.
VISIONS is exempt from federal income tax under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and has
been classified as a public charity as defined in Section 509(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”),
thereby qualifying donors for the maximum charitable deduction allowed under the IRC. VISIONS is
funded primarily through investment income, government support and contributions.
Basis of Presentation
The financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting.
Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the
United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that
affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the
date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting
period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Financial Statement Net Asset Presentation
The classification of VISIONS net assets and its support, revenues and expenses are based on the existence
or absence of donor-imposed restrictions. It requires that the amounts for each of three classes of net assets;
permanently restricted, temporarily restricted and unrestricted, be displayed in a statement of financial
position and that the amounts of change in each of those classes of net assets be displayed in a statement of
activities and changes in net assets.
These three classes are defined as follows:
Permanently Restricted - Net assets resulting from contributions and other inflows of assets whose use by
VISIONS is limited by donor-imposed stipulations that neither expire by the passage of time nor can be
fulfilled or otherwise removed by actions of VISIONS, rather they remain in perpetuity.
Temporarily Restricted - Net assets resulting from contributions and other inflows of assets whose use by
VISIONS is limited by donor-imposed stipulations that either expire by the passage of time or can be
fulfilled and removed by actions of VISIONS pursuant to those stipulations. When such stipulations end
or are fulfilled, such temporarily restricted net assets are reclassified to unrestricted net assets and
reported in the statement of activities and changes in net assets.
Unrestricted - The portion of net assets that is neither permanently nor temporarily restricted by donorimposed
stipulations.
Investments
Investments are stated at fair value. The investments are held in pooled accounts with the exception of those
relating to the Fund for the Blind and the Selis Manor Fund. Investments, in general, are exposed to various
risks such as interest rate, credit and overall market volatility. Due to the level of risk associated with
certain investments, it is at least reasonably possible that changes in the values of investment securities will
occur in the near term, based on market fluctuations, and that such changes could materially affect the
amounts reported in the financial statements.
Beneficial Interest in Perpetual Trusts
VISIONS has beneficial interests in funds held in perpetual trusts by other entities as trustees. The fair
value of VISIONS beneficial interest in these perpetual trusts is estimated to be equal to the fair value of the
portion of assets underlying the trusts attributable to VISIONS interest and is classified as permanently
restricted net assets. These assets are not controlled by VISIONS nor are they available for use, therefore,
these assets are not subject to VISIONS investments and spending policies relating to permanently
restricted investments.
Fair Value Measurements
Fair value measurements establishes a framework for measuring fair value. The framework provides a fair
value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy
gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
(Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three
levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below. Level 1 inputs to the valuation methodology are
unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that VISIONS has the ability to
access. Level 2 inputs to the valuation methodology include:
 Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets;
 Quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets;
 Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability;
 Inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or
other means.

 

If the asset or liability has a specified (contractual) term, the Level 2 input must be observable for

substantially the full term of the asset or liability. Level 3 inputs to the valuation methodology are

unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement. The asset or liability’s fair value measurement

level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair

value measurement. Valuation techniques used need to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize

the use of unobservable inputs.

The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets measured at fair value. There

have been no changes in the methodologies used at September 30, 2017 as compared to those used at

September 30, 2016.

U.S. Treasury and government agency obligations, exchange traded funds, and equity securities -

Valued at the closing price reported on the active market on which the individual securities are traded.

Corporate obligations and mortgage-backed securities - Valued at fair value by discounting the related

cash flows based on current yields of similar instruments with comparable durations considering the

creditworthiness of the issuer.

Mutual funds - Valued at the net asset value (“NAV”) of shares held at year-end.

Beneficial interest in perpetual trusts - Valued based on the fair value of the underlying assets.

The methods described above may produce a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net

realizable value or reflective of future fair values. Furthermore, while VISIONS believes its valuation

methods are appropriate and consistent with other market participants, the use of different methodologies or

assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different fair value

measurement at the reporting date.

See Note 3 for the table that sets forth by level, within the fair value hierarchy, the assets at fair value as of

September 30, 2017 as compared to the prior year.

Government Grants Receivable

VISIONS records receivable from government grants based on established rates or contracts for services

provided. Interest is not charged on overdue receivables.

Contributions Receivable

Unconditional promises to give are recognized as revenue when the promise is received. Unconditional

promises to give that are expected to be collected within one year are recorded at fair value. Unconditional

promises to give that are expected to be collected in future years are recorded at the present value of their

estimated future cash flows. The discounts on these amounts are computed using risk-adjusted interest rates

applicable to the years in which the promises are received. Amortization of the discounts is included in

contribution revenue. Conditional promises to give are not included as support until the conditions are

substantially met.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

VISIONS has determined that no allowance for uncollectible government grants receivable or contributions

receivable is necessary as of September 30, 2017 and 2016. Such estimate is based on management’s

assessments of the creditworthiness of its funding sources, the aged basis of its receivables, as well as

current economic conditions, subsequent collections and historical information.

Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. These amounts do not purport to represent

replacement or realizable values. Acquisitions with a cost of $500 and an estimated useful life greater than

one year are capitalized at cost. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method over the estimated

useful lives of the assets.

 

Advances
Advances represent grant funds received in advance, attributable to future periods.
Government Support
Revenues from government agencies are recognized when earned. Expense-based grants are recognized as
allowable expenses are incurred. Performance-based grants are recognized as milestones are achieved.
There were no provisions for disallowances reflected in the accompanying financial statements, since
management does not anticipate any material adjustments.
VCB Contributions
VCB contributions for services are based upon ability to pay as determined by the participant.
Donated Services
The estimated fair value of donated services, which consists of donated professional fees, is recognized in
the financial statements as revenue and expenses in the period in which the services were provided.
Occupancy Expense
Occupancy expense for the year ended September 30, 2017 consists of office condominium maintenance
charges.
Functional Allocation of Expenses
The costs of providing the various programs and other activities are summarized on a functional basis in the
statements of activities and changes in net assets. Accordingly, certain costs have been allocated among the
programs and supporting services benefited.
Summarized Financial Information
The financial statements include certain prior-year summarized comparative information in total but not by
net asset class. Such information does not include sufficient detail to constitute a presentation in conformity
with U.S GAAP. Accordingly, such information should be read in conjunction with VISIONS financial
statements for the year ended September 30, 2016, from which the summarized information was derived.
2. Contributions Receivable
Contributions receivable as of September 30, 2017 from two foundations are due as follows:
$ 143,590
109,273
252,863
(15,363)
Net realizable value $ 237,500

Investments
VISIONS investments are stated at fair value. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset
or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.
The following table presents the financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis and are
categorized using the fair value hierarchy. The fair value hierarchy has three levels based on the reliability
of the inputs used to determine fair value as follows: level 1 consisting of quoted prices in active markets
for identical assets; level 2 consisting of significant other observable inputs; and level 3 consisting of
significant unobservable inputs.
Investments at fair value as of September 30, 2017 are as follows:
Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Corporate obligations $ 2,325,140 $ - $ 2,325,140 $ -
U.S. Treasury and government
agency obligations 3,068,280 3,068,280 - -
Mortgage-backed securities 63,853 - 63,853 -
Equity securities 54,731,901 54,731,901 - -
Exchange traded funds
Equity funds $ 2,682,383 - -
Fixed income funds 2,820,729 - -
Total exchange traded
funds 5,503,112 5,503,112 - -
Mutual funds
Domestic 5,560,654 - -
Foreign 1,004,224 - -
Total mutual funds 6,564,878 6,564,878 - -
Total investments reported
on their fair value hierarchy 72,257,164 $ 69,868,171 $ 2,388,993 -
Cash and cash equivalents 8,746,194 -
Beneficial interest in perpetual trusts 3,634,344 $ 3,634,344
Total investments $ 84,637,702

 

Investments at fair value as of September 30, 2016 are as follows:
Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Corporate obligations $ 2,727,213 $ - $ 2,727,213 $ -
U.S. Treasury and government
agency obligations 2,846,799 2,846,799 - -
Mortgage-backed securities 98,244 - 98,244 -
Equity securities 54,750,293 54,750,293 - -
Exchange traded funds
Equity funds $ 2,329,192 - - -
Fixed income funds 3,807,145 - - -
Total exchange traded
funds 6,136,337 6,136,337 - -
Mutual funds
Domestic 2,710,984 - -
Foreign 3 52,453 - -
Total mutual funds 3,063,437 3,063,437 - -
Total investments reported
on their fair value hierarchy 69,622,323 $ 66,796,866 $ 2,825,457 -
Cash and cash equivalents 11,504,982 -
Beneficial interest in perpetual trusts 3,392,384 $ 3,392,384
Total investments $ 84,519,689
Investment management fees of $480,663 and $469,627, respectively, for the years ended September 30,
2017 and 2016 have been netted against net realized and unrealized gains on investments.
Total investments as reported on the statements of financial position is comprised of the following as of
September 30:
2017 2016
Unrestricted investments $ 6,163,418 $ 5,828,479
Beneficial interest in perpetual trusts 3,634,344 3,392,384
Long-term investments - permanently restricted 74,839,940 75,298,826
Total investments $ 84,637,702 $ 84,519,689

 

Beneficial Interest in Perpetual Trusts
The table below sets forth a summary of changes in the fair value of the Level 3 assets pertaining to the
Beneficial Interest in Perpetual Trusts for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016:
2017 2016
$ 3,392,384 $ 3,271,788
241,960 1 20,596
$ 3,634,344 $ 3,392,384
Unrealized gain on assets held at year-end
Balance at beginning of year
Balance at end of year

Fixed Assets

Fixed assets consist of the following as of September 30:

2017 2016

Estimated

Useful Lives

$ 9 4,500 $ 9 4,500

1,100,000 1,100,000 40 years

4 81,451 481,451 15 years

2,357,201 2,326,106 3-15 years

2 11,323 210,152 3-5 years

47,691 76,891 15 years

1 43,842 152,200 3-5 years

9,144,391 - 5-30 years

- 772,766

Total costs 13,580,399 5,214,066

Less: accumulated depreciation (3,747,541) (3,479,952)

$ 9,832,858 $ 1,734,114

Land

Office condominium

Office condominium improvements

Net book value

Selis Manor improvements

Selis Manor office equipment

Construction-in-progress

VCB building, equipment and vehicles

Vocational Rehabilitation Center

Furniture, fixtures and office equipment

During the year ended September 30, 2017, VISIONS has completed a project to build its Vocational Rehabilitation Center building on the VISIONS Center on Blindness campus. Funding for this project was derived primarily from distributions from Fund for the Blind and several grants and contributions.

Temporarily Restricted Net Assets
Temporarily restricted net assets are available for the following purposes at September 30:

2017 2016
$ 386,291 $ 505,444
1 12,500 150,000
- 26,250
$ 498,791 $ 681,694
Community services
VCB
Selis Manor
During the year, restricted net assets were released from restrictions by incurring expenses satisfying the
restricted purposes as follows:
2017 2016
$ 2,952,053 $ 2,655,738
1,714,905 4 11,058
9 55,457 911,429
3,217,469 3,080,800
$ 8,839,884 $ 7,059,025
Community services
Selis Manor
General operations
VCB

Permanently Restricted Net Assets
Permanently restricted net assets are to be held in perpetuity and are comprised of the following as of September 30:
2017 2016
Endowment Funds:
$ 6 8,331,079 $ 69,122,972
2,538,350 2,371,846
1,300,000 1,300,000
1,365,097 1,275,186
9 25,464 865,523
2 61,227 244,576
1 18,723 118,723
74,839,940 75,298,826
Perpetual Trusts:
1,895,209 1,765,793
9 54,177 881,521
7 72,088 733,439
12,870 11,631
3,634,344 3,392,384
$ 7 8,474,284 $ 78,691,210
Wick Stern Fund
Other endowment funds
Ilma F. Kern Fund of Selis
Fund for the Blind
Ilma F. Kern Fund
Selis Manor Fund
Edna F. Blum Fund
Adrian Jackson
Total permanently restricted net assets
Total endowment funds
Total perpetual trusts
Martin S. Paine
Maude Aguilar Leland
Charles H. Ruhl

Income, except for the net appreciation (depreciation) on the assets of the Fund for the Blind, from which is expendable for general purposes is permanently restricted.

Fund for the Blind
In accordance with the Fund for the Blind documents and VISIONS by-laws, there are multiple limitations set forth preventing VISIONS from freely accessing the investment earnings derived from the funds’ assets. Therefore, the asset value reported on the accompanying statement of financial position does not purport the useable value to VISIONS.

General
VISIONS permanently restricted net assets consist of 11 endowment funds whose assets are to be held in perpetuity. The income from the assets can be used for general operations.

As required by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), net assets associated with endowment funds are classified and reported based on the existence or absence of donor-imposed restrictions.

Interpretation of Relevant Law
The Board of Directors of the organization adopted the New York Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act (NYPMIFA). NYPMIFA moves away from the “historic dollar value” standard, and permits charities to apply a spending policy to endowments based on certain specified standards of prudence. The organization is governed by the NYPMIFA spending policy, which establishes a maximum prudent spending limit of 7% of the average of its previous five years’ balance. As a result of this interpretation, VISIONS classifies as permanently restricted net assets (a) the original value of gifts donated to the permanent endowment, (b) the original value of subsequent gifts to the permanent endowment, and (c) accumulations to the permanent endowment made in accordance with the direction of the applicable donor gift instrument at the time the accumulation is added to the fund. The remaining portion of the donor restricted endowment fund that is not classified in permanently restricted net assets is classified as temporarily restricted net assets until those amounts are appropriated for expenditure by VISIONS in a manner consistent with the standard of prudence prescribed by NYPMIFA.

Return Objectives, Strategies Employed and Spending Policy
The objective of VISIONS is to maintain the principal endowment funds at the original amount designated by the donor while generating income to support its programs. The investment policy to achieve this objective is to invest in low-risk securities. Investment income earned in relation to the endowment funds is recorded as temporarily restricted income and appropriated for the expenditures for which the endowment fund was established. The Trustees of the Fund for the Blind voted a 4% monthly distribution for VISIONS
based on a 5-year rolling average calculated in December, beginning October 1, 2016. All principal and appreciation/depreciation is permanently restricted. The 4% transfer is all unrestricted. Endowment Net Asset Composition by Type of Fund as of September 30, 2017:
Temporarily
Restricted
Permanently
Restricted Total
$ - $ 75,298,826 $ 7 5,298,826
1,593,544 - 1,593,544
1,623,925 7,041,114 8,665,039
- (7,500,000) (7,500,000)
( 3,217,469) - (3,217,469)
Endowment net assets at end of year $ - $ 74,839,940 $ 7 4,839,940
Interest and dividends
Endowment net assets at beginning of year
Net realized and unrealized gains/(losses), net
Appropriated for expenditure
Net assets released from restrictions
VISIONS/Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired
16
Endowment Net Asset Composition by Type of Fund as of September 30, 2016:
Temporarily
Restricted
Permanently
Restricted Total
$ - $ 72,919,790 $ 72,919,790
1,628,585 - 1,628,585
1,452,215 3,379,036 4,831,251
- (1,000,000) (1,000,000)
( 3,080,800) - (3,080,800)
Endowment net assets at end of year $ - $ 75,298,826 $ 75,298,826
Net assets released from restrictions
Appropriated for expenditure
Endowment net assets at beginning of year
Interest and dividends
Net realized and unrealized gains/(losses), net

Independent trustees, when requested by VISIONS, can release from restriction a portion of the Fund for the Blind’s permanently restricted net assets. For the year ended September 30, 2017, $7,500,000 was released for the purposes of the vocational rehabilitation center building on the VISIONS Center on Blindness campus (Note 4).

Funds with Deficiencies
VISIONS does not have any funds with deficiencies as of September 30, 2017.

Retirement Plan

VISIONS sponsors a defined contribution pension program under Section 403(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. Employees may make voluntary contributions to the plan. VISIONS contributes 5% of an eligible employee’s salary provided that such employee has been employed full time by VISIONS for at least one year. For the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, such contributions resulted in expenses of $216,307 and $180,099, respectively.

Concentrations and Contingencies

VISIONS maintains cash balances at multiple financial institutions. As of September 30, 2017, cash exceeded Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation limit of $250,000 per institution. The total uninsured cash balance as of September 30, 2017 was approximately $1,539,000. Management believes that credit risk related to these accounts is minimal based on the historical credit worthiness of this financial institution.

VISIONS investments are concentrated in marketable equity securities and funds that invest in marketable equity securities. Such securities are subject to various risks that determine the value of the funds. Due to the level of risk associated with certain equity securities and the level of uncertainty related to changes in the value of these securities, it is at least reasonably possible that changes in market conditions in the near term could materially affect the value of investments reported in the financial statements.

Effective February 1, 2001, The Associated Blind Housing Development Fund Corporation (“HDFC”) and VISIONS entered into a service provider contract. The term of the agreement is for twenty-five years, terminating January 31, 2026, with an automatic annual renewal unless six months prior notice is given by either party. To maintain the contract, VISIONS is required to provide social, recreational and volunteer services for the residents and guests of Selis Manor, a housing complex located on West 23rd Street in Manhattan. Should the level and/or quality of service provided be deemed unsatisfactory, under certain conditions, VISIONS may be required to return the initially funded capital. The “fund” consists of $1,300,000.

Beneficial Interest in Perpetual Trusts

Four perpetual trusts were established for the benefit of VISIONS. Under the terms of the trusts, the income

generated is payable to VISIONS. The contributions were classified as permanently restricted support and

the annual distributions from the trusts are reported as investment income.

Related Party Transactions

The firms providing investment advisory services to The Fund for the Blind included Board members, who

were also Trustees of The Fund for the Blind at various times during the year ended September 30, 2017.

Fees paid for investment advisory fees during those periods totaled approximately $134,000.

Subsequent Events

VISIONS has evaluated subsequent events through January 22, 2018, the date the financial statements were

available for issuance.

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